Currently, global manufacturing is experiencing a new round of industrial revolution. As a global manufacturing powerhouse, in early 2012, the German industry proposed Industry 4.0, while in exploring future manufacturing, the United States proposed the development of "Industrial Internet." Compared with the former two, GDP surpassed Japan, and China, which emerged as the world's second largest economy, launched the â€œMade in China 2025â€ development plan last year.
In this regard, Li Jie, a professor at the University of Cincinnati in the United States, has a relatively detailed analysis of the above three in his book "Industrial Big Data." He believes that Germany's main goal of Industry 4.0 is to open up new markets for German industrial equipment, but also to change the state of selling equipment only and the proportion of service type is small, and to enhance the sustainable profitability of German industrial products. There is no doubt that the development of smart factories and smart equipment is an important support for achieving this, as mentioned in the core connotation of Industry 4.0.
It must be noted that in the development concept of German Industry 4.0, it is still emphasizing â€œhardâ€ manufacturing, closely following its own manufacturing industry, especially the equipment manufacturing industry, and creating new industrial value through the service and intelligence of manufacturing industry.
Compared with the "hard" manufacturing of German Industry 4.0, the industrial Internet proposed by the United States emphasizes "soft" and focuses more on the information industry. People who have studied the history of American industrial development will find that before the United States proposed the "re-industrialization" development ideas in recent years, the United States once proposed "de-industrialization." The "de-industrialization" proposed at that time was precisely to promote the development of the virtual economy and the technology industry. However, the subsequent financial crisis forced the United States to realize that the virtual economy alone is unsustainable.
Similarly, for the change of the virtual economy and the real economy, the transformation track of the famous American company GE in recent years, in the author's view, is to some extent the epitome of the development of the US manufacturing industry.
Not only that, but the implementation of â€œre-industrializationâ€ in the United States is also based on the fact that the United States has accumulated a large number of technological dividends in the early stage and gradually applied it to the manufacturing industry. This has gradually highlighted the manufacturing advantages of the US manufacturing industry, so that it is near In the past two years, the remarks about "the cost of manufacturing in the United States is lower than China" have been rampant.
In this context, the US Industrial Internet, in fact, relies on its previous information industry foundation, and leverages the advantages of this industry to leverage the analysis of big data to promote the development of the intelligent service industry.
In the above comparison, it is not difficult to find that the industrial upgrading of Germany and the United States is actually a competitive industry that locks itself. But whether it is hard manufacturing or soft information industry, the actual core connotation of Industry 4.0 and Industrial Internet emphasizes the high degree of interconnection and integration, and both highlight the development of industrial big data. From the performance characteristics of the two, in fact, it is inseparable from the development and mining of industrial big data, that is, after emphasizing the interconnection of machinery and equipment, how to transform industrial big data into information and then into value. In my opinion, based on this, the industrial 4.0 and industrial Internet proposed by Germany and the United States can be understood as â€œthe same wayâ€. After comparing the two, if we look back at China's industrial upgrading path, we can find that we have borrowed both. This is particularly reflected in the proposal of China's manufacturing industry 2025. In fact, it is in line with the promotion of "Internet +". Obviously, these two plans correspond to the concerns of the intelligent equipment industry and the intelligent service industry.
Back in Foshan, last year, Foshan not only proposed to comply with the development of industry 4.0, but also proposed Foshan's own "Internet +" and Foshan manufacturing 2025 plan, when we take the global vision, go to the most developed areas of industrial manufacturing, research ratio When it comes to these new industrial concepts, it is actually based on the development trend of the global advanced manufacturing industry, which helps â€œFoshan Manufacturingâ€ to outline a clearer industrial upgrading roadmap.
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